Tunisian Ridge

This set is represented by eleven ecosystems corresponding tthe main reliefs of the back of which are given below the main features.

Djebel Chaambi

Erected in National Park since 1980. It is located 15 km west of Kasserine and peaks at 1544 m, the highest point in the country. The mountain includes, in addition ttypical substrates of Dorsal, zinc deposits, galena, hematite and traces of coal.

The climate of Chaambi is from that of Kasserine, and precipitation are increasing, according tan altitudinal gradient of 20 mm per 100 m elevation. The relatively dry plains (semi-arid higher) contrast with the subhumid summit receives an annual rainfall of 500 mm as rain, hail and snow, with additional moisture from clouds and fog.

The top of Chaambi is occupied by a plant formation which dominates the green oak. Descending in altitude, this is the Alepppine which becomes dominant and at the base lays an Alfa steppe. Mountain gazelle, Barbary sheep, wild boar, striped hyena, jackal, hare, etc., are among the animal species that live there. In addition, several raptor species are nesting in the Park, including the peregrine falcon and the Egyptian vulture.

Jebel Biren

Located 35 km north-west of Kasserine, this mountain rises t1419 m. Geological bedrock is dominated by training marl and sandstone. Bioclimate is higher semi-arid. The hills are covered with oak mixed with the Alepppine and juniper oxycèdre. Below, the Alepppine is predominant in association with cistus and broom, and juniper Phoenicia where aridity increases, otherwise it gives way ttraining alfa or those with Sparta when soils are gypsum.

Mammalian species that inhabit the Jebel include striped hyena, jackal, fox, wild boar, porcupines, hedgehogs, etc... Among the birds, mention the hawk, the partridge, raven and owl.

Jebel Mghilla

Located 10 km north of Sbeitla, it rises t1,378 m. The slopes are rocky and have several bare outcrops.

Plant associations are similar tthose of Chaambi, but the oak is stunted and sparse. The animals that live there include wild boar, jackal, fox, striped hyena, hare, turtle doves, and a partridge hoopoe.

Jebel Oueslat

It is located 40 km north-west of Kairouan and peaks at 895 m. Plant cover consists of Alepppine in the process of degradation, oleaster, mastic trees, carob, the Phoenician juniper, rosemary, etc... Jebel is a nesting site for the Egyptian vulture, peregrine falcon and the booted eagle. Many other species of raptors, birds and mammals living in the Djebel.

Jebel Serdj

It is located 20 km south-east of Siliana and 60 km northwest of Kairouan. It peaks at 1,357 m. The vegetation is particularly rich in Jebel Serj where we meet, in addition tthe Alepppine and his usual retinue, holm oak, cork oak, maple, evergreen cypress, and the azerolier carroubier. A large population of bats live in one of Jebel caves.

Jebel Bargou

It is located in northeastern Serj and 20 km east of Siliana. It peaks at 1.268 m. The Jebel includes a row of cliffs 10 t50 m in height where the caves were dug.

The vegetation is very rich in Bargou. Species treport on this site are the holm oak, oak, juniper and Juniperus oxycedrus the carob tree.
The fauna of the Jebel includes, among others, striped hyena, porcupine and nesting peregrine falcons.

Jebel Mansour

Located 20 km southwest of Fahs, the mountain rises t678 m. Bioclimatic is semi-arid less than more arid; subhumid or on the tops The Jebel is covered with Alepppine. The evergreen oak is sparse in the pine forest and rarely alone. In drier conditions (southern slopes), the Juniper Phoenicia associates ave pine. Among the animal species, it indicates the presence of the porcupine and the striped hyena.

Jebel Zaghouan

Located south of the city of Zaghouan, this assembly rises t1295 m. Snow is common in winter, and the average annual rainfall of 450 t500 mm, is higher than that in the surrounding areas.

The top is covered by a low herbaceous layer, prairie type. The evergreen oak is dominant around the top and on the high slopes of the northern slope.
The Alepppine forest dominates the western part of Djebel. The lower slopes are covered with Alepppine decaying, as well as training in oil-mastic and carroubier. The particular plant species encountered there are maple, mountain ash, Kermes oak, cedar and oak Barbary. The animal species are nesting raptors report on ledges and cliffs. Include the Egyptian vulture, golden eagle and peregrine falcons and kestrels.

Jebel Ressas

Located 25 km southwest of Tunis, it rises t795 meters. It is covered by a cedar forest Barbary associated with training in oil-mastic. Other species are present such as the Kermes oak, Periploca, thyme, philaire, cyclamen Persian, broom and cistus.
Djebel Ressas is known tbe one of several species of nesting raptors site including the peregrine falcon, the Egyptian vulture and the kestrel.

Djebel Bou Kornine

It is located tthe west of Hammamlif, 18 km south of Tunis and peaks at 567 m. The average annual rainfall is about 420 mm in low mountains and reaches 660-700 mm at the top. Most of the Djebel is covered by a cedar forest Barbary.
The forest includes several other plant species including Alepppine and pinion, locust, wild olive, arbutus, the azerolier, myrtle, holm oak, Periploca, cyclamen Persian, caper, the Saw Palmettand many species of orchids. Wildlife includes Barbary sheep (reintroduced), wild boar, porcupine, genet, the peregrine falcon, the Egyptian vulture, the partridge.

Djebel Sidi Abderrahmane

It is located in the peninsula of Cap Bon. It peaks at 637 m and is surrounded by vast agricultural plains. The mountain undergoes the maritime influence, which moderates its temperature and increasing its annual rainfall. Fog is frequent and high air humidity.

The vegetation is dominated by formations cedar Barbary Southwest side of Djebel and sscattered everywhere The evergreen oak is the sparse state in the forest, and Kermes oak dominates the coastal vegetation climax. The Cork Oak are still the only state in rare relict stations. There alshas tscrub oil-mastic tree, poplar (along the river), the Alepppine, lavender, rosemary, broom and cistus. Cap Bon is an important site for migratory raptors, including several stops on the Djebel tfeed and rest.