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National study

The first national study on biodiversity was carried out in 1998. In 2009, the Ministry of Environment with the UNDP financial recourse performed the update of this study .
The major results of this study are:
The biodiversity resources in Tunisia are located in 69 sets of natural ecosystems and 12 sets of agro-ecosystems. They account:

  • 7212 species among which 3749 ground botanical and animal species and 3463 marine and aquatic botanical and animal species;
  • 32 collections totaling 22,650 strains of microorganisms

Ecosystem biodiversity

 Unit / WholeEtendue (ha)
NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS
Coastal Ecosystems4 
Island Ecosystems566498
Wetlands : lagoon Ecosystems9110515
Wetlands : Sebkhas et chotts152000000
Wetlands : Rivers and reservoir8 
Mountainous and Forest Ecosystems18 
Steppe ecosystems3 
Saharan Ecosystems1 
Ecosystèmes oasis3 
Marine Ecosystems3 
AGROSYSTEM
South Agrosystem4940000
Agroecosystems of central Tunisia32440000
Tellian agrosystem51889000

Biodiversity of the flora and the ground fauna

 Total number of speciesNumber of varietiesEndemic species
TotalintroducedAutochtonesCultivars locaux
Terrestrial biodiversity
vegetableSpontaneous flora:2131 3331798 228
Cultivated flora841650996412242 
Sub-total2215165013292210242228
 Number of speciesNumber of races  
TotalIntroducedLocalCultivars locaux
Animalvertebrate609     
invertebrates912     
domestic fauna      
vertebrate12            32 1517  
invertebrates1 1  
sub-total1534331518  
TOTAL3749     

Biodiversity marinates and aqautique

Group of speciesNumber of species
Macroflora420
MicrofloraMicroflora marinates483
Microflora of continental waters174
MicrofaunaMicrofauna marinates229
Microfaun of continental waters169
Invertebrates1523
fish fauna347
vertebrates118
TOTAL3463

Biodiversity of the microbiological resources

RegulatorNumber of collectionsNumber of origins
Faculty of Science81600
Pasteur institute and hospitals1318500
INAT/INRAT/INRST (CBBC)71450
CBS41100
TOTAL3222650