The objectives of the Convention are the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components. Les Contracting Parties agree to develop strategies and action plans at national level for the conservation of biological diversity and to integrate these into national development plans and protection of the wider environmentThis is particularly important in areas such as forestry, agriculture, fisheries, energy, transport and urban planning. In addition, the Contracting Parties shall identify and monitor developments, the main components of biological diversity should be preserved and used sustainably.
Other key provisions of the Convention Parties undertake to establish protected areas to conserve biological diversity while promoting environmentally sound development around these areas, rehabilitate and restore degraded ecosystems and promote the recovery of threatened species in collaboration with residents, to respect, preserve and maintain traditional knowledge on sustainable use of biological diversity, with the support of indigenous peoples and local communities to prevent the introduction of, control and eradicate those alien species which threaten ecosystems, habitats or species, and control the risks posed by genetically modified organisms.
The Convention also pride of place to the promotion of community participation in the conservation of biological diversity, especially with regard to the assessment of the environmental impacts of development projects that threaten this diversity and to public education and its awareness of the importance of biodiversity and the need to keep it.
The Conference of the Parties is required to verify the application of the Convention. In this context, the Parties are obliged to submit reports on the implementation by each country of the provisions of the Convention. In addition, the Convention established the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice that provides the Conference of the Parties for the implementation of the Convention.
Tunisia has ratified the CBD in May 1993. It has increased its activities within the framework desa implementation. In 1998, she developed the Strategy and the National Action Plan (1998) on biodiversity. In order to contribute to the full realization of the objectives of the CBD, Tunisia has updated its National Action Plan on Biological Diversity in 2009 (3). In 2014 a second update process began to align with the strategic plan of the CBD 2010-2020 which was adopted in Nagoya, Japan in 2010.