The three Rio conventions namely the CBD, UNCCD and UNFCCC have stated in their terms, the synergy between the programs and strategies related to biodiversity, respectively, the fight against desertification and climate change.
A strategic study (5a) was conducted in 2009 related to the highlighting common interests and goals in all three agreements. This study allowed the identification of respondent’s multisector programs and projects simultaneously with the requirements of the conventions.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, has set up a comprehensive framework for intergovernmental efforts to face the challenge of climate change. It recognizes that the climate system is a shared resource whose stability can be affected by industrial emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
It should be noted that following a period of severe drought between 1999 and 2001, Tunisia has felt the need to develop an adaptation strategy of ecosystems to climate change. A diagnosis was presented in early 2006 about the climate, water resources, ecosystems and agriculture. Following this overview, a national adaptation strategy to climate change has been formulated. Another study has just started, which is the analysis of the impact of climate change on biodiversity and proposals for strategic guidance and adaptation action plan.