After the ratification of the Convention on Biological Diversity in May 1993, Tunisia has developed its first national study its strategy and national action plan on biodiversity and since 1998. The Action Plan The Action Plan enabling improved knowledge on biodiversity on the one hand, and a compilation of various programs and projects conducted by the various players in relation to the conservation and management component of biological diversity. The updated action plan has focused on five areas identified on the basis of a fairly extensive consultation of the various sector stakeholders.
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In response to the new Strategic Plan of the CBD adopted by the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 10) held in Nagoya, Japan, Tunisia, with financial support from the GEF and UNDP, has undertaken since the beginning of 2014, the align its national strategy with the 20 Aichi targets of that strategic plan as part of a project entitled "National Biodiversity Planning to support the implementation of the strategic plan of the CBD."
The National Strategy has for objectives :
- Provide a favorable framework for collaboration between actors around the protection of biodiversity in a context of continuous change and development;
- Cover all components of terrestrial biodiversity, marine and aquatic and focus on the conservation of local biodiversity
- Recognize that many programs and activities deserve or require perseverance, resources and involvement of the users of biodiversity communities, and that these activities as such are only part of the storage solution of biodiversity
The guidelines of the national strategy are :
- The mechanisms of decision-making should incorporate both the economic, environmental and social equity considerations
- Where there are serious or irreversible threats of environmental degradation, the total scientific uncertainty should not establish a reason not to adopt precautionary measures.
- The global dimension of the impacts on the environment of the activities and the policies should be recognized and considered;
- The need to develop a dynamic, strong and diversified able to strengthen environmental protection capacity should be recognized;
- The need to maintain and enhance the international competitiveness of sound environmental basis should be recognized;
- Effective policies and flexible measures should be taken in the direction of strengthening the protection of biological diversity, such as an improved assessment of the economic value of biodiversity, incentive measures and price setting mechanisms ...
- The decisions and actions should widely involve stakeholders including communities regarding issues that affect them.