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Flora and Fauna

Flora and Fauna land

Terrestrial flora include about 2,200 species, including introduced species. Approximately 10% of these species are rare in very rare. 25 species, 5 subspecies and 2 varieties are in danger of extinction or severe depletion. It should be noted that some species are particularly important being endemic to Tunisia, as Rumex tunetanus and Clematis tunisiatica or the Maghreb.

Tunisia's fauna include 550 species distributed as shown :

Classordersfamiliesspecies
mammalian82279
bird1465398
amphibia257
reptilesturtles33
s/o Lizards736
s/o snakes524

The avifauna is an important component of the diversity of wildlife in Tunisia. This diversity results from the diversity of ecosystems and the geographical position of Tunisia. The avifauna can be observed consists of sedentary breeding birds, migratory breeding, passage of visitors and wintering species. Particularly for migratory birds, preservation of diversity is a cross-border challenge.

The insects are the group of species that has the most specific study object because of their impact on agricultural production. Invertebrates are about 671 species of insects belonging to 14 orders and 82 families and 61 species of mites belonging to 14 families.

Flora and Fauna Navy

Tunisia has 1300 km of coastline. The eastern facade is characterized by a broad continental shelf. Many marine ecosystems are very rich of taxonomically as island ecosystems and seagrass Posidonia. Nearly 414 marine and aquatic plant species have been identified along the Tunisian coast. However, the actual number is estimated at about 600 species.

More than 3,400 marine and aquatic animal species identified to date in Tunisia, unevenly distributed along the coast, depending on the depth. The number of species would also be higher